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wingetopt.cc

/***************************************************************************** 
 * 
 *  MODULE NAME : GETOPT.C 
 * 
 *  COPYRIGHTS: 
 *             This module contains code made available by IBM 
 *             Corporation on an AS IS basis.  Any one receiving the 
 *             module is considered to be licensed under IBM copyrights 
 *             to use the IBM-provided source code in any way he or she 
 *             deems fit, including copying it, compiling it, modifying 
 *             it, and redistributing it, with or without 
 *             modifications.  No license under any IBM patents or 
 *             patent applications is to be implied from this copyright 
 *             license. 
 * 
 *             A user of the module should understand that IBM cannot 
 *             provide technical support for the module and will not be 
 *             responsible for any consequences of use of the program. 
 * 
 *             Any notices, including this one, are not to be removed 
 *             from the module without the prior written consent of 
 *             IBM. 
 * 
 *  AUTHOR:   Original author: 
 *                 G. R. Blair (BOBBLAIR at AUSVM1) 
 *                 Internet: bobblair@bobblair.austin.ibm.com 
 * 
 *            Extensively revised by: 
 *                 John Q. Walker II, Ph.D. (JOHHQ at RALVM6) 
 *                 Internet: johnq@ralvm6.vnet.ibm.com 
 * 
 *****************************************************************************/ 
 
/****************************************************************************** 
 * getopt() 
 * 
 * The getopt() function is a command line parser.  It returns the next 
 * option character in argv that matches an option character in opstring. 
 * 
 * The argv argument points to an array of argc+1 elements containing argc 
 * pointers to character strings followed by a null pointer. 
 * 
 * The opstring argument points to a string of option characters; if an 
 * option character is followed by a colon, the option is expected to have 
 * an argument that may or may not be separated from it by white space. 
 * The external variable optarg is set to point to the start of the option 
 * argument on return from getopt(). 
 * 
 * The getopt() function places in optind the argv index of the next argument 
 * to be processed.  The system initializes the external variable optind to 
 * 1 before the first call to getopt(). 
 * 
 * When all options have been processed (that is, up to the first nonoption 
 * argument), getopt() returns EOF.  The special option "--" may be used to 
 * delimit the end of the options; EOF will be returned, and "--" will be 
 * skipped. 
 * 
 * The getopt() function returns a question mark (?) when it encounters an 
 * option character not included in opstring.  This error message can be 
 * disabled by setting opterr to zero.  Otherwise, it returns the option 
 * character that was detected. 
 * 
 * If the special option "--" is detected, or all options have been 
 * processed, EOF is returned. 
 * 
 * Options are marked by either a minus sign (-) or a slash (/). 
 * 
 * No errors are defined. 
 *****************************************************************************/ 
 
#include <stdio.h>                  /* for EOF */ 
#include <string.h>                 /* for strchr() */ 
 
 
/* static (global) variables that are specified as exported by getopt() */ 
extern char *optarg = NULL;    /* pointer to the start of the option argument  */ 
extern int   optind = 1;       /* number of the next argv[] to be evaluated    */ 
extern int   opterr = 1;       /* non-zero if a question mark should be returned 
                           when a non-valid option character is detected */ 
 
/* handle possible future character set concerns by putting this in a macro */ 
#define _next_char(string)  (char)(*(string+1)) 
 
int getopt(int argc, char *argv[], char *opstring) 
{ 
    static char *pIndexPosition = NULL; /* place inside current argv string */ 
    char *pArgString = NULL;        /* where to start from next */ 
    char *pOptString;               /* the string in our program */ 
 
 
    if (pIndexPosition != NULL) { 
        /* we last left off inside an argv string */ 
        if (*(++pIndexPosition)) { 
            /* there is more to come in the most recent argv */ 
            pArgString = pIndexPosition; 
        } 
    } 
 
    if (pArgString == NULL) { 
        /* we didn't leave off in the middle of an argv string */ 
        if (optind >= argc) { 
            /* more command-line arguments than the argument count */ 
            pIndexPosition = NULL;  /* not in the middle of anything */ 
            return EOF;             /* used up all command-line arguments */ 
        } 
 
        /*--------------------------------------------------------------------- 
         * If the next argv[] is not an option, there can be no more options. 
         *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/ 
        pArgString = argv[optind++]; /* set this to the next argument ptr */ 
 
        if (('/' != *pArgString) && /* doesn't start with a slash or a dash? */ 
            ('-' != *pArgString)) { 
            --optind;               /* point to current arg once we're done */ 
            optarg = NULL;          /* no argument follows the option */ 
            pIndexPosition = NULL;  /* not in the middle of anything */ 
            return EOF;             /* used up all the command-line flags */ 
        } 
 
        /* check for special end-of-flags markers */ 
        if ((strcmp(pArgString, "-") == 0) || 
            (strcmp(pArgString, "--") == 0)) { 
            optarg = NULL;          /* no argument follows the option */ 
            pIndexPosition = NULL;  /* not in the middle of anything */ 
            return EOF;             /* encountered the special flag */ 
        } 
 
        pArgString++;               /* look past the / or - */ 
    } 
 
    if (':' == *pArgString) {       /* is it a colon? */ 
        /*--------------------------------------------------------------------- 
         * Rare case: if opterr is non-zero, return a question mark; 
         * otherwise, just return the colon we're on. 
         *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/ 
        return (opterr ? (int)'?' : (int)':'); 
    } 
    else if ((pOptString = strchr(opstring, *pArgString)) == 0) { 
        /*--------------------------------------------------------------------- 
         * The letter on the command-line wasn't any good. 
         *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/ 
        optarg = NULL;              /* no argument follows the option */ 
        pIndexPosition = NULL;      /* not in the middle of anything */ 
        return (opterr ? (int)'?' : (int)*pArgString); 
    } 
    else { 
        /*--------------------------------------------------------------------- 
         * The letter on the command-line matches one we expect to see 
         *-------------------------------------------------------------------*/ 
        if (':' == _next_char(pOptString)) { /* is the next letter a colon? */ 
            /* It is a colon.  Look for an argument string. */ 
            if ('\0' != _next_char(pArgString)) {  /* argument in this argv? */ 
                optarg = &pArgString[1];   /* Yes, it is */ 
            } 
            else { 
                /*------------------------------------------------------------- 
                 * The argument string must be in the next argv. 
                 * But, what if there is none (bad input from the user)? 
                 * In that case, return the letter, and optarg as NULL. 
                 *-----------------------------------------------------------*/ 
                if (optind < argc) 
                    optarg = argv[optind++]; 
                else { 
                    optarg = NULL; 
                    return (opterr ? (int)'?' : (int)*pArgString); 
                } 
            } 
            pIndexPosition = NULL;  /* not in the middle of anything */ 
        } 
        else { 
            /* it's not a colon, so just return the letter */ 
            optarg = NULL;          /* no argument follows the option */ 
            pIndexPosition = pArgString;    /* point to the letter we're on */ 
        } 
        return (int)*pArgString;    /* return the letter that matched */ 
    } 
} 


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